During the first Battle of Monte Grappa in 1917, a Christmas-time bombing severed the head of the plaster and damaging parts of the hands, feet, and cloth. Reviving the ancient Roman artistic traditions of portrayals of mortal individuals in the guise of the gods, and of the beautiful female form reclining on a couch (as most often seen in reclining portrayals of Hermaphroditi), it was commissioned by Pauline Bonaparte's husband Camillo Borghese and executed in Rome from 1805 to 1808, after the subject's marriage into the Borghese family. Canova chose a theme from Greek mythology to create this masterpiece. An Exceptional Italian Grand Tour model of Pauline Bonaparte Borghese as ‘Venus Victrix’ After Antonio Canova. In fact, in 1804, Napoleon had announced himself Emperor of the French and Pauline Bonaparte had expected the title of Imperial Highness. When asked how she could pose for the sculptor wearing so little, she reputedly replied that there was a stove in the studio that kept her warm, though this may be apocryphal or a quip deliberately designed by her to stir up scandal.[1]. After Kronos dismembered Ouranos, he hurled his father's remains into the sea. He portrayed Pauline while holding an apple in her left hand evoking Venus’ victory in the contest between the three most beautiful goddess of Olympus (Hera or Juno, Athena or Minerva, and Aphrodite or Venus) for the prize of a golden apple addressed “To the Fairest”. Description. The sculpture's lustre was not only due to the fine quality of the marble but also to the waxed surface, which has been recently restored. The nude figure reclining on a grey painted and gilt neoclassical récamier holding an apple in her hand. With Mars, she gave birth to Timor (Phobos) the personification of f… R:Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and vertical scepter in left; L • BVC[A] downwards to right. It was commissioned by Pauline Bonaparte’s husband Camillo Borghese and executed in Rome from 1805 to 1808, after she married the representative of the Borghese family. Paolina (1780-1825) is lying semi-nude on a painted wood dormeuse beautified with gilded insets, her slim fingers holding the apple credited to the goddess as a sign recognizing her supremacy among the female divinities. Son of a humble family, he had to do other jobs before he could study art. Antonio Canova, marchese d’Ischia, Italian sculptor, one of the greatest exponents of Neoclassicism. In the era of its production, viewers would also admire the sculpture by candlelight. The work was not intended for public viewing. The Roman poet Ovid recounts that Aphrodite bore Hermaphroditos by Hermes, who was the epitome of effeminacy and androgyny.She also bore with either Hermes or Zeus, Fortuna (Tyche) who was the personification of luck and fate within Roman religion.Venus is ascribed as the mother of the minor deity Priapus (a fertility god often characterized with an absurdly large phallus) by Bacchus. In 1811 he completed two colossal statues of Napoleon, in which the emperor is shown as a heroic classical nude. Meter: iambic pentameter. In 1781 Canova established himself i… Canova chose a theme from Greek mythology to create this masterpiece. There is a myth concerning Venus' and Mars' love affair and how Vulcan cunningly trapped them in bed with a net. Practice: Neoclassicism. Reverse: VENVS VICTRIX. As we have decided to not live on dreams, but on work, design and precision. Why? Venus Victrix . confirmed: 69 in., 646 lb. Bibliography WMR, DGR Designer and Writer, 205 Baum, ed., House of Life, 110-111 Annotations. Description A Marble Sculpture after Antonio Canova: Pauline Borghese as Venus Victrix, 19th century 9-1/4 h x 14 w x 9 d inches (23.5 x 35.6 x 22.9 cm) Description: After Antonio Canova (Italian, 1757-1822), "Venus Victrix." In Greek myth Aphrodite (known to the Romans as Venus) competed for the prize of a golden apple, which she won by promising Paris that he could marry Helen of Troy, the most beautiful woman in the world. Description. JOHN GIBSON (1790-1866) BRITISH, FIRST HALF 19TH CENTURY. Antiquated beauty and compositional guile come together within the naturalistic, nearly pictorial rendering of the delicate tissue and the light cloak covering her hips. [3][4], Canova's Paolina Borghese as Venus Victorious, "Turista danneggia una statua di Canova per un selfie", "A Clumsy Museum Visitor Snapped the Toes Off a Historic Sculpture in Italy While Trying to Pose for a Selfie in Its Lap", Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker (bronze cast), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Venus_Victrix_(Canova)&oldid=1001199548, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 17:50. Hit the target, shot after shot, and do it again. Horatio Greenough created this relief on a commission from Bostonian John Lowell Jr. while the latter was traveling in Europe. Rhyme: abbaaccadedeff. Venus Victrix (1805–1808) Venus Victrix ranks among the most famous of Canova's works. Genre: sonnet. Medium: Marble. A 2004 restoration repaired this damage. Artist: Horatio Greenough (American, 1805–1852) Date: 1837-1840. Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix (or Venus Victorious) is a semi-nude life-size reclining neo-Classical portrait sculpture by the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. Venus with Cupid and a dolphin, classical sculpture; in the Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome Alinari/Art Resource, New York Saatchi Art is pleased to offer the painting, "Venus Victrix (or Venus Victorious)," by Andrea Chisesi, available for purchase at $18,000 USD. Meter: iambic pentameter. The figure of Venus in this sculpture is based on the image of the goddess in a painting by Renoir, 'The Judgement of Paris'. Genre: sonnet. General Description. Medium: Marble. Detailed information about the coin Sestertius, Julia Mamaea (VENVS VICTRIX S C), Roman Empire, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data Around 1805 Canova was commissioned to carve the statue by Pauline’s spouse, when the lady was 25 years old but was as of now a socialite, and was at the top of her social success. She had an international reputation for easy promiscuity, in France and in Italy, and may have enjoyed the provocation of posing naked in the Catholic Rome. Product Description This beautiful statuette is a cast reproduction of the famous statuette Venus Victrix by Antonio Canova, the most famous sculptor of his age. Description Venus Victrix Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix - Cast material - second half 20th ct Size: 33 x 22 cm Good condition Cast stone mass Signed Ruggeri After the original from Antonio Canova (1757-1822) Lot details Sign in Register. Detailed information about the coin Denarius, Caracalla (VENVS VICTRIX), Roman Empire, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, … This is the case of the works “Orpheus and Eurydice” and “Daedalus and Icarus”. Bibliography WMR, DGR Designer and Writer, 205 Baum, ed., House of Life, 110-111 Annotations. Artist signed on the recamier cushion. The sea in which she was born is said to be near Paphos, a city on the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean Sea. Venus Victrix Dante Gabriel Rossetti. This replica, purchased from Canova's studio by the third marquess of Londonderry in late 1826 or early 1827, remained in Londonderry House, London, until 1962. Venus Victrix (Canova) 02.jpg 3,052 × 4,608; 924 KB Antonio Canova - Paolina Borghese Bonaparte come Venere vincitrice.jpg 1,200 × 880; 543 KB Agostino penna, camino della sala xx (di psiche) del casino borghese, 1782.jpg 3,684 × 2,898; 5.15 MB General Description. An Italian Carved Marble Sculpture of Paolina Borghese as Venus Victrix after Antonio Canova, 19th century 20-3/8 x 37-3/4 x 11-1/2 inches (51.8 x 96 x 29.2 cm) Condition Report*:Fleabites and wear to base edges and underside, otherwise condition commensurate with age. Known as the Venus Italica, it was ordered in 1804 by Ludovico I, King of Etruria, as a replacement for the ancient Medici Venus that had been taken by the French for the Musée Napoleon. We do not live on myths and legends. : RIC IV 312d Obverse: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, laureate head of Caracalla right Reverse: VENVS VICTRIX, Venus standing facing, … Detailed information about the coin Denarius, Caracalla (VENVS VICTRIX), Roman Empire, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, … Therefore, Vulcan and Venus had a loveless marriage and no children. The subject of the sculpture may have also been affected by the Borghese family's mythical ancestry: they traced their descent to Venus, through her son Aeneas, the founder of Rome.[2]. Object Details. It then moved to Camillo's house in Turin, then to Genoa, only arriving in its present home (the Galleria Borghese in Rome) around 1838. His genitals created some foam, from which Aphrodite was born. SALONINA AVG; draped bust right, on crescent. Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix (or Venus Victorious) is a semi-nude life-size neo-Classical portrait sculpture by the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. Pauline Bonaparte as Venus Victrix (or Venus Victorious) is a semi-nude life-size reclining neo-Classical portrait sculpture by the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. L. Aemilius Buca, moneyer. Antonio Canova was born in Possagno, Italy in 1757. The room in which the sculpture is exhibited at the Galleria Borghese also has a ceiling painting portraying the judgement, painted by Domenico de Angelis in 1779 and inspired by a famous relief on the façade of the Villa Medici. Rome Mint 3.92g 17mm Crawford 480/8; Alföldi Type XIV, 62–3, 67, and 69 (A13/R22); CRI … Her "original powers seem to have been extended largely by the fondness of the Romans for folk-etymology, and by the prevalence of the religious idea nomen-omen which sanctioned any identifications made in this way." Then, the sculpture moved to Camillo’s house in Turin, then to Genoa, only arriving to the Galleria Borghese around 1838. Venus had two main divine lovers: her husband Vulcan (Hephaistos) and Mars (Ares). Reference: RIC III 786. Regularly respected as the most prominent of the Neoclassical artists, his artwork was motivated by the Baroque and the classical revival, but maintained a strategic distance from the melodramatics of the previous, and the cold artificiality of the latter. Obverse: LVCILLA AVGVSTA. A VENUS FOR PRS. Grade: VF+/EF- attractive light toning, sharply struck and well centered on both sides Material: Silver Weight: 2.93 g Diameter: 20 mm Ref. Canova was first instructed to depict Pauline Bonaparte fully clothed as the chaste goddess Diana, hunter and virgin, but Pauline started to laugh and said that nobody would have believed she was a virgin. There she met the three Horai (season goddesses… In 1808 he finished one of his most famous works, in which he shows Napoleon’s sister, Pauline Borghese, reclining almost naked on a couch as Venus Victrix —a fusion of classical goddess and contemporary portrait. Venus Victrix Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Product description This Venus Victrix Pauline Bonaparte Canova Statue is a semi-nude life-size neoClassical portrait sculpture by the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova. On view. The wooden base, draped like a catafalque, once contained a mechanism for rotating the sculpture, as in the case of other works by Canova and in the adapted bases of ancient sculpture in galleries, so that a viewer could observe it from all angles without moving him/herself. Nude portraits were unusual, with subjects of high rank usually having strategically placed drapery (though Canova did produce another of the Bonaparte family, with his 1806 Napoleon as Mars the Peacemaker). Albeit, the goddess of love and sex was not barren; she had many children from different gods. Vignon, Church of La Madeleine. Venus is the sporting rifle of Victrix Armaments that celebrates the charm of precision. Reviving the ancient Roman artistic traditions of portrayals of mortal individuals in the guise of the gods, and of the beautiful female form reclining on a couch (as most often seen in reclining portrayals of Hermaphroditi), it was commissioned by Pauline Bonaparte's husband Camillo Borgheseand executed in Rome from 1805 to 1808, after the subject's mar… Venus Victrix – Victorious, showing that she was a godess of victory; Later on in the Roman empire, Venus became even more important to Rome. Rhyme: abbaaccadedeff. Venus Victrix . I will freely share my numismatic knowledge with non-professional collectors or interested individuals and will encourage research into ancient numismatics and history. She holds an apple in her hand evoking Aphrodite's victory in the Judgement of Paris. It illustrates more fully the classical story of Venus winning a golden apple in a contest with three other goddesses. Title: Venus Italica Artist: Workshop of Antonio Canova (Italian, Possagno 1757–1822 Venice) Date: probably ca. Well, Julius Caesar claimed her as his ancestor. It was posed by Pauline Bonaparte (aka Paolina Borghese), sister to Napoleon and first sovereign Duchess of Guastalla. Venus standing facing, head left, right breast bare, Victory in right hand, left hand in grounded oval shield. Her promise to give Paris, the judge in the contest, a gift of the most beautiful woman in the world (who turns out to be Helen of It was commissioned by Pauline Bonaparte’s husband Camillo Borghese and executed in Rome from 1805 to 1808, after she married the representative of the Borghese family. Venus Victrix (1805–1808) Venus Victrix ranks among the most famous of Canova's works. 1822–23, variant of marble first executed 1810 Culture: Italian, Rome Medium: Carrara marble Dimensions: wt. Property from an English Private Collection. These accounts are found in the correspondence between naval officers and commanders passing by the island, and diplomats stationed in Milos, Smyrna, Athens, and Constantinople, most notably Charles de Riffardeau, Marquis de Rivière (the French Ambassador to the Ottoman court in Constantinople) who presented the statue to King Louis XVIII (r. 1814-1824 CE), who i… (175.3 cm, 293 kg) Classification: Scientific Instruments Credit Line: Bequest of Lillian Rojtman Berkman, 2001 Canova chose a theme from Greek mythology to create this masterpiece. 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